Janka Hardness: 1,210 lb f (5,360 N) Modulus of Rupture: 16,570 lb f /in 2 (114.3 MPa) The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be undemanding. The tree is additionally known as sweet birch, cherry birch, black birch, spice birch and mahogany birch. Reaches 12 m in height. Scientific Name: Betula lenta The Sweet Birch thrives high in the mountains, often in dry, difficult conditions. We have included the various common names associated with each scientific name to help you find the right tree. Birch oil originates from the Birch tree which has a scientific name of Betula lenta. These two Birches will out-perform River Birch in dry locations, and Sweet Birch has phenomenal fall color and glossy copper stems in youth. Betula lenta (sweet birch, also known as black birch, cherry birch, mahogany birch, or spice birch) is a species of birch native to eastern North America, from southern Maine west to southernmost Ontario, and south in the Appalachian Mountains to northern Georgia. But it would likely do best in conditions similar to those preferred by other native birches, particularly the Sweet Birch. Search all North American native Birch species here. Salicylic acid, betulenol, betulin, and methyl salicylate are the main constituents of birch essential oil. Betula Lenta Sweet Birch, Cherry Birch, Black Birch. Facts about the tree types can be found at the bottom of each tree page. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Welcome to the Birch family A-Z list. When we can look past our white-bark obsession, we'll notice a couple other Birches worthy of consideration: Sweet Birch and Yellow Birch. Distribution: Europe and southwest Asia. Black birch or sweet birch (Betula lenta) American birch species to 23 m in height. Appearing from April to May, male catkins are long and yellow-brown in colour. The paper birch, known as a white birch, silver birch, or canoe birch, rarely lives more than 140 years. Trunk bark … Scientific Name: Betula uber. Some Benefits of Trees. Sweet birch, also commonly referred to as black birch or cherry birch, was at one time the only source of oil of wintergreen. Sweet birch (Betula lenta): This species, also known in some areas as the cherry birch, is native to the eastern U.S., especially the Appalachian region. Sweet Birch is long-lived as birches go, known to reach over 250 years. The Blue Birch is botanically called Betula caerulea. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellow. Or select here to go a specific tree's page. First is the name of the organism's genus and then the name of the organism's species. The Japanese monarch birch (B. maximowicziana) is a valuable timber tree of Japan, especially in the plywood industry. There are over 20,000 different kinds of trees in the world. Main American species of birch. It is a medium-sized deciduous tree that thrives in well drained, sandy loams on cool moist sites and is primarily noted and praised for its beautiful white bark. River Birch does well in all but the driest soil. The common name of this plant in Spanish is Abedul. It is the aroma of wintergreen emanating from crushed leaves and broken twigs to which this birch owes its common name, sweet birch. The scientific name for this particular tree is Betula Pendula. Toxicity Class (third column in table below). Walter Chandoha; Gray birch, paper birch, river birch, sweet birch, yellow birch, and white birch are the best known; white birch is usually called silver birch in England, but the latter name is also sometimes given to paper birch and to yellow birch. The Betula Alleghaniensis is commonly known as the Gray Birch, Silver Birch, Swamp Birch as well as Yellow Birch.. Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter. Birch species are generally small to medium-size trees or shrubs, mostly of temperate climates. Interestingly, the average longevity is approximately 150 years and the maximum longevity is over 300 years. Minor Toxicity: Ingestion of these plants may cause minor illnesses such as vomiting or diarrhea. Trees are the backbone of any good landscape plan. The leaves are oval-shaped with a finely toothed edge and a slender tip. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be dry to moist soils. Common Name(s): Silver Birch. Within each Tree Type category you can click on the tree picture to enlarge the tree photo to full size. The Black Birch is botanically called Betula lenta . Specific epithet means flowing storax. The tree sap is used as a tonic for skin, muscle and joint issues. Major Toxicity: These plants may cause serious illness or death. The sweet birch tree and wintergreen plant produce an essential oil that is closely identical in aroma and chemical composition. Birch is the name of a certain tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the beech/oak family, Fagaceae. 3. The name ‘birch’ itself is derived from an old Teutonic word. A birch is a thin-leaved deciduous hardwood tree of the genus Betula (/ ˈ b ɛ tj ʊ l ə /), in the family Betulaceae, which also includes alders, hazels, and hornbeams.It is closely related to the beech-oak family Fagaceae.The genus Betula contains 30 to 60 known taxa of which 11 are on the IUCN 2011 Red List of Threatened Species. The common name of sweet gum refers to an aromatic balsam or gum that exudes from wounds to the tree. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 25 m (82 ft) high. Yellow Birch is one of the largest of the eastern hardwoods. Height: to 80 feet. Possibly 5 - 7. . 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