Main American species of birch. The common name of sweet gum refers to an aromatic balsam or gum that exudes from wounds to the tree. Average Dried Weight: 40 lbs/ft 3 (640 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.50, .64. It also goes by the name Sweet Birch and Cherry Birch, but in botanical circles is actually called Betula Lenta. Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter. Native to the eastern US, Quebec and Ontario. Genus name comes from the Latin words liquidus meaning liquid and ambar meaning amber as two species produce a fragrant resin. Common in the wild, it is rarely offered in nurseries. Scientific Name: Betula uber. Black birch or sweet birch (Betula lenta) American birch species to 23 m in height. Salicylic acid, betulenol, betulin, and methyl salicylate are the main constituents of birch essential oil. Follow cultural practices that will create conditions conducive to tree survival. The Yellow Birch is unique in that its twigs emit a wintergreen smell when cut. Yellow Birch is one of the largest of the eastern hardwoods. Names. Minor Toxicity: Ingestion of these plants may cause minor illnesses such as vomiting or diarrhea. Trunk bark … The Black Birch is botanically called Betula lenta . Sweet birch (Betula lenta): This species, also known in some areas as the cherry birch, is native to the eastern U.S., especially the Appalachian region. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 25 m (82 ft) high. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be dry to moist soils. Search all North American native Birch species here. Downy birch is monoecious, meaning both male and female flowers (catkins) are found on the same tree. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be undemanding. 3. Although there are many varieties of birch across the globe, most birch in the United States comes from the yellow birch tree, also known by the scientific name Betula alleghaniensis Britt. Sweet Birch Essential Oil Uses and Benefits. . Possibly 5 - 7. It is the aroma of wintergreen emanating from crushed leaves and broken twigs to which this birch owes its common name, sweet birch. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). The leaves are oval-shaped with a finely toothed edge and a slender tip. To search for photos of these plants, check the UC Berkeley CalPhotos: Plants site.. Janka Hardness: 1,210 lb f (5,360 N) Modulus of Rupture: 16,570 lb f /in 2 (114.3 MPa) Trees are the backbone of any good landscape plan. The scientific name of an organism is comprised of the two most specific parts of the organism's taxonomy. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Birch is of two types, the silver birch or white birch whose scientific name is Betula pendula, and the cherry birch, sweet birch, or black birch whose scientific name is Betula lenta. When we can look past our white-bark obsession, we'll notice a couple other Birches worthy of consideration: Sweet Birch and Yellow Birch. Paper birch (Betula papyrifera) is the softest birch wood flooring, scoring a 910 on the Janka scale, and … Scientific Name: Betula pendula. A recognized form … The Cherry Birch is a medium-sized deciduous tree that grows up to 20 metres tall. Interestingly, the average longevity is approximately 150 years and the maximum longevity is over 300 years. The scientific name of Birch is the botanical name or formal name. We have listed them by scientific name because it is a constant and does not vary region to region or person to person. Betula lenta (sweet birch, also known as black birch, cherry birch, mahogany birch, or spice birch) is a species of birch native to eastern North America, from southern Maine west to southernmost Ontario, and south in the Appalachian Mountains to northern Georgia. The tree sap is used as a tonic for skin, muscle and joint issues. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellow. Scientific Name: Betula lenta The Sweet Birch thrives high in the mountains, often in dry, difficult conditions. More information about Swamp Birch may be found here.. The scientific name for this particular tree is Betula Pendula. In the 19th Century the species was classified as B. lutea, from the Latin lutum for ‘yellow’. Within each Tree Type category you can click on the tree picture to enlarge the tree photo to full size. The other type of birch tree that is used to make essential oil is known as the Black Birch. Appearing from April to May, male catkins are long and yellow-brown in colour. Distribution: Europe and southwest Asia. The name ‘birch’ itself is derived from an old Teutonic word. Birch is the name of a certain tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the beech/oak family, Fagaceae. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellow. Common Name: sweet birch Scientific Name: Family: Betulaceae Genus: Betula Species: lenta Hardiness Zone: 4 to 7 Height: 40 to 55 ft Width: 35 to 45 ft Description: Like most birch trees, the sweet birch is susceptible to many pests and pathogens (such as leaf miners, aphids, and cankers) but unlike many of the others, it is resistant to bronze birch borer. Sweet birch, also commonly referred to as black birch or cherry birch, was at one time the only source of oil of wintergreen. Select species Betula alleghaniensis, Yellow Birch Betula lenta, Sweet Birch Betula nigra, River Birch Betula occidentalis, Water Birch Betula papyrifera, Paper Birch One of the largest hardwoods in northeastern North America, the Yellow Birch tree is the most frequently used birch … Reaches 12 m in height. The common name of this plant in Spanish is Abedul. The scientific name for this tree is Betula Lenta, often called Sweet Birch. The Blue Birch is botanically called Betula caerulea. First is the name of the organism's genus and then the name of the organism's species. The simple leaves may be toothed or pointed. The paper birch, known as a white birch, silver birch, or canoe birch, rarely lives more than 140 years. A birch is a thin-leaved deciduous hardwood tree of the genus Betula (/ ˈ b ɛ tj ʊ l ə /), in the family Betulaceae, which also includes alders, hazels, and hornbeams.It is closely related to the beech-oak family Fagaceae.The genus Betula contains 30 to 60 known taxa of which 11 are on the IUCN 2011 Red List of Threatened Species. Some Benefits of Trees. Toxicity Class (third column in table below). The sweet birch tree and wintergreen plant produce an essential oil that is closely identical in aroma and chemical composition. The Japanese monarch birch (B. maximowicziana) is a valuable timber tree of Japan, especially in the plywood industry. In the past, this tree was used to produce wintergreen oil, but after the invention of artificial oils this practice has stopped, it still makes a hearty tea though. Common Names: Virginia Roundleaf Birch, Roundleaf Birch, Ashe Birch Plant Type: Small to mid-size tree Height: 20 - 40 feet Cultivation Zones: Uncertain. It is very similar to Sweet Birch, but easily distinguished by its bark. Stems with a brownish-white bark. River Birch does well in all but the driest soil. Major Toxicity: These plants may cause serious illness or death. Specific epithet means flowing storax. Betula Lenta Sweet Birch, Cherry Birch, Black Birch. Welcome to the Birch family A-Z list. It is named for its bark, which resembles that of the domestic Sweet Cherry (Prunus avium), a tree that is known to escape from cultivation in … The currently accepted scientific name of yellow birch is Betula alleghaniensis Britt. Factoring in the many species of birch made available for flooring, there are three that you’ll typically come across: Paper birch; Yellow birch; and Sweet birch. Type of Tree Facts . The white-barked birch trees are more susceptible to bronze birch borer attacks than species without white bark (River Birch, Heritage River Birch, Yellow Birch, Sweet Birch); see Table 1. Fertilize the tree if it is lacking in nutrients, and provide sufficient water, especially during dry periods. Scientific Name / Common Name / Susceptibility ... Betula lenta / sweet birch, ... more susceptible to attack, so maintaining a vigorous, healthy tree will help prevent any infestation. There are over 20,000 different kinds of trees in the world. Birch oil originates from the Birch tree which has a scientific name of Betula lenta. Sweet Birch is long-lived as birches go, known to reach over 250 years. Height: to 80 feet. The Betula Alleghaniensis is commonly known as the Gray Birch, Silver Birch, Swamp Birch as well as Yellow Birch.. Facts about the tree types can be found at the bottom of each tree page. Facts on the Sweet Gum Tree. Other Information. But it would likely do best in conditions similar to those preferred by other native birches, particularly the Sweet Birch. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 20 m (66 ft) high. These two Birches will out-perform River Birch in dry locations, and Sweet Birch has phenomenal fall color and glossy copper stems in youth. We have included the various common names associated with each scientific name to help you find the right tree. Latin (scientific) name: Betula papyrifera Common English name: White birch Other names: Paper birch, canoe birch French name: Bouleau à papier Alaska birch (Betula neoalaskana): birch that grows in the interior areas of Alaska and Canada. Common Name(s): Silver Birch. Or select here to go a specific tree's page. The tree is additionally known as sweet birch, cherry birch, black birch, spice birch and mahogany birch. If ingested, immediately call the Poison Control Center -- (800) 222-1222 -- or your doctor. Birch species are generally small to medium-size trees or shrubs, mostly of temperate climates. 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