reentry into the system (D’Andrade, 2015; Wells & Correia, 2012). children remain at risk of re-entering the foster care system. Reunification and Reentry Among children who were discharged from their first foster care placement and reunited with their caregivers, 27% returned to foster care. When measuring a broader concept of re-entry (into either system) the rate of re-entry went from 18% to 25% - a 33% increase. In the context of the federal performance measurement system, re-entry refers specifically to a return to foster care following an unsuccessful reunification. This study examines the issue of reentry into foster care post-ASFA and expands the literature on reentry through the examination of several factors not previously addressed: the primary language spoken at home, presence of siblings in foster care, and census based demographic factors. Copyright © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Reunification is the most common goal for children and youth in foster care and it is also its most common outcome. Difficulties in conducting research on foster care reentry are also discussed. Copyright © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Reentry rates for relative exits and other exits were slightly higher (18.3%), and reentry from runaway exits was much higher. The following resources offer examples of best practices and innovative programs that help to prevent children or youth from reentering foster care once reunification has occurred, … David Ayer, Maryland Department of Human Resources . Outcome 4.2: Reentries into Foster Care. The GOOD NEWS is that the data from studies show that there are definite identifiable risk factors for foster children coming back into care after reunification" such as 'parental substance abuse, noncompliance with service plans, problematic parenting skills' as well as "structural factors such as single parenthood and financial or housing difficulties'. An Examination of Reentry into State Sponsored Out of Home Care after Reunification in Maryland. Data were obtained from the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS), which collects information on (1) all children in foster care for whom State child welfare agencies have promote family reunification and prevent their children’s re-entry into the foster care or child welfare system (Hatton and Brooks 2008; Cheng 2010). We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. This study describes the odds of reentry into foster care for children up to fifteen years old when they first entered the foster care system, who entered foster care for the first time between 1998 and 2002 (137,385 children) and exited to reunification within one year of entry (45,154 children). For the nine states pooled, 17.3 percent of children reunified from foster care by the age of 14 years reentered care within one year of exit. Linda Carter, Maryland Department of Human Resources National Foster Care Month: Post-Reunification Supports and Prevention of Reentry Into Out-of-Home Care LER_body: This webinar explores the benefits of reunification and post-reunification supports and how these strategies help prevent reentry into foster care. Permanency is a key outcome for child welfare services and reunification is the preferred exit when possible. Abstract. Re-entry to foster care generally refers to circumstances in which children who have been discharged from foster care to be reunified with their family of origin, adopted, or provided kinship guardianship are returned lo foster care. Reunification From Foster Care in Nine States 1990-1997: Description and Interpretation Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. This study examines the issue of reentry into foster care post-ASFA and expands the literature on reentry through the examination of several factors not previously addressed: the primary language spoken at home, presence of siblings in foster care, and census based demographic factors. Any analysis of reunification is incomplete without examining children who reenter foster care. The child's experience while in care, including placement setting at time of discharge, length of time in care, and placement stability, is also related to reentry. 1 Introduction Over the past two decades the number of children entering foster care has increased dramatically. Terry V. Shaw, University of Maryland, School of Social Work . This is primarily due to a lack of resources for families following reunification and scarce research on the topic. CFSR Permanency Outcome 1: Children have permanency and stability in their living situations. 2008; Brook and McDonald 2009). Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Any analysis of reunification is incomplete without examining children who reenter foster care. Preventing the need for children to reenter foster care and face additional trauma is a key goal for child welfare services. Any analysis of reunification is incomplete without examining children who reenter foster care. Permanency is a key outcome for child welfare services and reunification is the preferred exit when possible. Instances of reentry into foster care within one year of reunification are identified (6021 children). "Reunification from foster care: Informing measures over time," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Reentry into the foster care system after reunification. The importance of tracking reentry into foster care beyond one year after reunification. Reentry into foster care system after reunification. 104(C), pages 1-1. probability that a child will re-enter into the foster care system within one year after reunification; which was found to be 14.92% on average. In the context of the federal performance measurement system, re-entry This study describes the odds of reentry into foster care for children up to fifteen years old when they first entered the foster care system, who entered foster care for the first time between 1998 and 2002 (137,385 children) and exited to reunification … Permanency is a key outcome for child welfare services and reunification is the preferred exit when possible. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2006.02.006. Although parental substance abuse has been identified as a risk factor for poor foster care outcomes, current research on effective interventions is limited. Shaw, Terry V., 2010. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2006.02.006. This study examines the risk of reentry into the child welfare system of children who exit to reunification within 18 months of entry as a means of developing a predictive model of foster care reentries. The goals of reunification include the ongoing safety, stability, and well-being of the entire family. The present study expands the definition of re-entry by examining re-entry for 2259 children who either return to the child welfare system or move into the juvenile justice system after reunification from foster care. The current federal reentry measure is limited in that it tracks reentry into care for only up to 12 months after reunification. While the goal of foster care is to reunify children with their birth families, premature reunification often leads to a child's re-entry into the foster care system or even death. In both reunification and guardianship scenarios, a child’s risk of reentering foster care is greatest soon after their discharge from care. Keyword: Reunification, Re-entry, Case characteristics, Chronic Re-entry, Multiple Problems A few studies have shown that parenting... Effect of a Parenting Intervention on Foster Care Reentry After Reunification Among Substance-Affected Families: A Quasi-Experimental Study - Becci A. Akin, Jody Brook, Margaret H. … Re-entry to foster care generally refers to circumstances in which children who have been discharged from foster care to be reunified with their family of origin, adopted, or provided kinship guardianship are returned to foster care. This study describes the odds of reentry into foster care for children up to fifteen years old when they first entered the foster care system, who entered foster care for the first time between 1998 and 2002 (137,385 children) and exited to reunification within one year of entry (45,154 children). Logistic regression is used to model reentry examining demographic and child welfare characteristics while adjusting for non-independence caused by the presence of sibling groups. Though the steps towards reunification are clear, facilitating a change in parents’ behaviors can be challenging as evidenced by the fact that successful reunifications only occur in 50% of cases where youth are Displays data related to Child Welfare Outcome 4: Reduce time in foster care to reunification without increasing reentry, and includes data on time in care to reunification, children entering care for the first time, children reentering care within 12 months of discharge, and children reentering care more than 12 months after discharge. Researchers and practitioners in child welfare have provided helpful information to develop workable plans to … Over the last year, the Data Center helped deliver a five-part practicum to the Northern California Training Academy on using administrative data to support the process of reducing reentry to foster care. foster care from Federal fiscal year (FY) 2018 and provides earlier data from FY 2008 to allow for some estimate of trends over time. Of the more than 147,000 kids who left their first stay in foster care for guardianship, 17% returned to care. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Reentry into the foster care system after reunification. Although parents may have worked diligently to meet the requirements necessary to have their child or children returned to their care, in so… Definitions: This indicator shows the number and percent of children who were discharged to reunification with their parents or other relatives before their 18th birthday in a 12-month period and re-entered foster care in less than 12 months following their reunification. Analysis of these findings will hopefully assist the Oregon Department of Human Services in determining which children are most at risk for re-entry. "Outcomes of the Iowa Parent Partner program evaluation: Stability of reunification and re-entry into foster care," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. Time to reentry was defined as the time from reunification to return to out-of-home care. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. 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